Traversing the DOM Tree with jQuery

Although jQuery can be extremely simple to use once you get the hang of it, there are so many functions and methods that it can be overwhelming and confusing at times.

One issue I had over the last week or so was figuring out how to simply traverse the DOM tree. Using jQuery selectors, it’s a breeze to do so; but what do you do when you’re working on a specific jQuery object and you want to go up or down the DOM tree?